Friday, October 19, 2012

Vaccine prospect of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus.

Vaccine prospect of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus.

Aug 2012


Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, United States.


Infection of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) or human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) is estimated to account for 34,000 new cancer cases globally. Unlike other herpesviruses, KSHV is not ubiquitous but is highly prevalent in some areas, such as sub-Saharan Africa where Kaposi sarcoma is the leading cancer among adults. While latent infection of KSHV plays a major and direct role in tumorigenesis, viral lytic replication also makes significant contributions to this process. Efforts to develop a KSHV vaccine are limited, but studies with EBV have provided important lessons. Informative vaccine research has been conducted in the mouse infection model of a closely related rodent virus, murine gammaherpesvirus-68 (MHV-68 or γHV-68). This mouse model has generated fundamental principles for an effective vaccination strategy. KSHV vaccines designed to prevent a naïve host from infection and to boost the immune control of KSHV in persistently infected people will have major impact on individuals who are at a high risk of developing KSHV-associated diseases.

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